Slavery In The Colonial United States

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Slavery In The Colonial United States Slavery In The Colonial United States

Slavery in the colonial United States, from 1600 to 1776, developed from complex factors, and researchers have proposed several theories to explain the development of the institution of slavery and of the slave trade.

Slavery strongly correlated with Europe's American colonies' need for labor, especially for the labor-intensive plantation economies of the sugar colonies in the Caribbean, operated by Great Britain, France, Spain, and the Dutch Republic.

Most slaves who were ultimately brought to the Thirteen British colonies - the Eastern seaboard of what later became the United States - were imported from the Caribbean, not directly from Africa.

They were taken to the Caribbean islands as a result of the Atlantic slave trade.

Indigenous people were also enslaved in the North American colonies, but on a smaller scale, and Indian slavery largely ended in the late eighteenth century although the enslavement of Indigenous people did continue to occur in the Southern states until the Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863.

In the English colonies, slave status for Africans became hereditary in the mid-17th century with the passage of colonial laws that defined children born in the colonies as taking the status of the mother, under the principle of partus sequitur ventrem.

More in this category: « Native Americans Benjamin Franklin »
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